We know it as the Taj Mahal. After Mumtaz died in 1629, the grieving emperor resolved to create a fitting monument. The dead body of Mumtaz Mahal was kept in a garden on the shore of Yamuna River for about 22 years till the completion of Taj Mahal in 1653 A.D. Reasons why Taj Mahal was built in Agra The cause of Mumtaz death was blood-loss after a painful labour of thirty hours. India's most iconic structure, the Taj Mahal, has stood strong for almost 400 years. This is the true story of the Taj Mahal of India, which has mesmerized many people with its bewitching beauty. In 1614, commanding an army numbering around 200,000, Kh… Construction began in 1632 under the orders of the Great Mogul Emperor, Shah Jahan. Khurram was the third son of the Mughal emperor Jahangir and the Rajput princess Manmati. In 1983, Mumtaz Mahal’s mausoleum was declared as ‘UNESCO World Heritage Site’ and in 2007 it was included in the list of ‘Seven Wonders of the World.’ As the final resting place of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, Taj Mahal is considered extremely important for its historical significance alone. He was the founder of Shahjahanabad, now known as \"Old Delhi\". The real tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are open during the time of URS (Death Anniversary) of Shah Jahan which falls according to the Islamic calendar in the month of Rajab. She did not know it would be her last trip. Though Shah Jahan was an able administrator and commander, he is best known for the construction of the Taj Mahal, which he built in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Arjumand Banu Begum is also known as Mumtaz Mahal. Emperor Shah Jahan is best remembered as a patron of Mughal architecture and is known for the grand legacy of architectural structures constructed during his reign. [2] In 1607 AD (1016 AH), Prince Khurram, also known as Shah Jahan, was betrot… Shahzada (Imperial Prince) Dara Shikoh (1615 - 1659). In 1850, the Koh-i-Nor Diamond was seized by the British forces as they took control of the Punjab, the last stronghold in India. Queen Victoria , hearing of the curse, first refused it, but eventually was persuaded otherwise, and since then, one by one, her colonies fought, and gained, independence. The Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, is a monument to the memory of Mumtaz. It is also said that the diamond bestows the power to rule the world, yet it carries a curse. His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. Shahzadi (Imperial Princess) Jahanara Begum ) (1614 - 1681). For a glorious holiday with cheap and trusted accommodation, airbnb offers access to Homestays and Budget Apartments in Agra, near the Taj Mahal. Shahzada Sultan Ummid Baksh (1619 -1622). Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire. Mumtaz Mahal was born on 27 April 1593 AD in a Persian Noble family. The great marble mausoleum built by Shah Jahan (1592-1666), Mughal emperor, for his wife Arjumand Banu Begam (d1631) called Mumtaz Mahal (Favourite of the Palace). Shahzada Sultan Daulat Afza (1628 - 1629). It is a symmetrical building with an arch-shaped entrance (Iwan) with a large dome and finial on top. Like all such storie... Homestays and Budget Apartments in Agra, near the Taj Mahal, Diarmuid and Grainne a Legend from Ireland, Hairstyles, Cool Cuts, How to Style Your Hair. Khurram gave Begum her new name, Mumtaz Mahal, shortly after their marriage. The Taj Mahal is one of the world's most iconic historical superstructures and India's gem. When Shah Jahan became emperor, he gave her the title Mumtaz Mahal. So Shah Jahan had the most costly mirror in the world to see his equally priceless creation. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, gracefulness and compassion. Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. Rajab is the 7th month of the Islamic calendar. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal had 14 children together. Shah Jahan was grief-stricken when Mumtaz Mahal, died In 1631 during the birth of their 14th child, Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 as a mausoleum. Jahanara Begum: 23 rd March 1614 – 16 th September 1681. This is the story of the love between Khurram and Arjumand or, as we know them today, Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal has four such entrances. Legend tells us that Krishna wore the Koh-i-Nor on his sleeve, from where it was stolen one night. Shahzadi Surayya Banu Begum (1621 - 1628). Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. It took 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants nearly 20 years to complete this monument-the Taj Mahal. Content on this website is published and Managed by Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh. Her father Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, a nobleman, worked as a high officer in the Mughal Empire.Her real name was Arjumand Banu Begum and Nur Jahan the wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir was her aunt. It was during the birth of the last child in 1631 while accompanying her husband on a military campaign that Mumtaz Mahal died at the age of 38. It was in 1607 that she was betrothed to Prince Khurram and soon became the unquestionable love of his life. Renamed Mumtaz Mahal, she bore Shah Jahan 14 children and became his favorite wife. Arjumand Banu Begum was born in Agra into a family of Persian nobility, as a daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, making her a niece (and later daughter-in-law) of Empress Nur Jehan, the wife of the emperor Jahangir. Once the largest diamond known (originally 793 carats), Shah Jahan had this jewel set into his throne. Mumtaz Mahal in one word can be described as an inspiration; an inspiration for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to erect the breathtakingly beautiful memorial, Taj Mahal. A niece of Nur Jahan, Arjumand was born into the inner court of the dynasty. Although Begum was betrothed to Shah Jahan(also know as Prince Khurram) at the age of fourteen, she ultimately became the love of his life. In 1631, Shah Jahan was three years into his reign and fighting against a rebellion led by Khan Jahan Lodi. A Princess of the Persian nobility, Arjumand Banu Begum was born in 1593, the daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan. The date of their marriage, in 1612, was selected by astrologers of the court to be most effective in ensuring a happy marriage. She was born in 1593 to Asaf Khan in Agra into a family of Persian nobility. The marriage was a happy one and Khurram remained devoted to her. 14 year-old Prince Khurram (Shah Jahan) was once taking a sweet walk by the lanes of Mena Bazaar in the year 1607. Architecture in general saw the best of Mughal construction during his time. Many wives, mothers, daughters and aunts played important roles in the public as well as private lives of the Mughal emperors. MyDayRegistry is an exclusive online registry where you can dedicate and register a specific date by month, day, and year in honour of a special event or person in your life. Built of white marble, the Taj sits on a sandstone platform. It was quite common for women of noble birth to commission architecture in the Mughal Empire. The Death of Mumtaz Mahal. Can you see yourself registering a special day for your loved one? Though Mumtaz Mahal’s importance in the life of Shah Jahan has received unprecedented endorsement through a beautiful tomb, her position was by no means completely unusual for the women of the Mughal royal family. Though they were engaged at a tender age of 13 (Mumtaz Mahal) and 15 years (Shah Jahan), they married only after 5 years. They became essentially Persianised and transferred the Persian literary and high culture to India. Her father was the brother of Empress Nur Jahan (who subsequently became the wife of the emperor Jahangir). Mumtaz Mahal was the second queen of Emperor Shah Jahan. Its construction began in 1632, following the death of Mumtaz Mahal, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan… Mumtaz Mahalwas born to Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan in 1593 and was a princess from Persian nobility. One of the most beautiful buildings in the world is a monument of love. Shah Jahan who built the Taj Mahal, a wondrous monument built in dedication to love, beauty, and life of Mumtaz Mahal, had succeeded in his lifetime his dire wish to immortalize the name of Mumtaz Mahal, his third wife. Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram, better known by his regnal name, Shah Jahan, was the fifth Mughal emperor, and reigned from 1628 to 1658. The Koh-i-Nor diamond was a treasure of the Moghul dynasty. In 1612, aged 20, Khurram married Arjumand Banu Begum. Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, died on June 17 in the year 1631. Empress Mumtaz was religiously indeed a Shia Muslim. Mumtaz Mahal children : Mumtaz Mahal had 14 children in total and the ones who lived are following . Khurram acquired two other wives in the five years after meeting Mahal before their marriage, but he be… Due to Shah Jahan's belief that his wife's beauty and character was unparalleled, he called her Mumtaz Mahal, or "Jewel of the Palace". Mumtaz Mahal died, aged 37 (7 July 1631), while giving birth to Gauhara Begum in Burhanpur. Five years later in 1612, they were married and so started one of the most popular love stories of the world. Mumtaz Mahal - Life history. This magnificent monument came to be known as "Taj Mahal" and now counts amongst the Seven Wonders of the World. She was his third wife, and became his favorite. Dedicate a Day to a Loved One - Worldwide Registry. She also enjoyed watching elephant and combat fights performed for the court. Shahzadi Hluralnissa Begum (1613 - 1616). He had now lost his beloved Mumtaz, his rulership and his freedom, but he had the Koh-i-Nor with him. In 1630 Mumtaz Mahal accompanied Shah Jahan who was fighting during a military campaign on the Deccan plateau. It took India 300 years. After their wedding celebrations, Khurram "finding her in appearance and character elect among all the women of the time", gave her the title 'Mumtaz Mahal' Begum (Chosen One of the Palace). Badshah Mohinnudin Mohammed Aurangzeb (1618 - 1707). When Shah Jahan died in 1666, his body was placed in a tomb next to the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. Certificate of Ownership printed on a beautiful piece of high quality parchment paper, Online Profile of Authenticity, an online profile for you or the registered owner to personalise with pictures, video, music and more. They did have to wait five years before they became married. 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