In the later years of WWII, the greatest threat to the Japanese was the looming threat of high-altitude bombers, the Nakajima Ki-84 had great climbing speed and its engine could reach the altitude to attack them. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). On 18 April 1943, sixteen P-38 Lightnings of the 339th Fighter Squadron of the 347th Fighter Group, Thirteenth Air Force, shot down a G4M1 of the 705th Kōkūtai with the tailcode "T1-323", carrying Admiral Yamamoto. The first Zeros were powered by the Mitsubishi Zuisei, a relatively lightweight engine that minimized the weight of the plane. After being flight tested as "Foreign Equipment Test number T2-2205" the airplane was dismembered by a cutting torch for unknown reasons. [3], Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[3]Famous airplanes of the world (1984)[4], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Media related to Nakajima G5N Shinzan at Wikimedia Commons, 2 Hyphenated trailing letter (-J, -K, -L, -N or -S) denotes design modified for secondary role, 1. In its first year of combat the G4M was a success, attacking U.S. Army air base Clark Field, Philippines on December 8, 1941 and taking part in the operation to sink HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse two days later. It is noteworthy that with very few exceptions, almost all improvements in aircraft speed and load-carrying capability during World War II came from increased engine power and not from aerodynamic, structure, or system improvements in airframes. Nine G4Ms participated in the long-range bombing raid of Katherine, Northern Territory, on 22 March 1942 (the deepest inland attack on Australian territory during the war at over 200 miles from the coast). Failing these expectations the G4M1 was ordered into production. Other G4Ms received field modifications, resulting in the Model 24j. It settled on the American Douglas DC-4E airliner. Only three more prototypes were completed. [5], When used for medium- to high-altitude bombing against stationary land targets like supply depots, seaports or airfields, it was much harder to intercept. Updated: Aug 22, 2018 Original: Jun 4, 2012 The Akutan Zero: How a Captured Japanese Fighter Plane Helped Win World War II B-29 Super Fortress (4000) - big 4-engine very long range heavy bomber designed to reach Japan from Pacific island bases. How the F-35 Stealth Fighter Almost Never Happened . Best 4 engine Bombers: European Theatre The Boeing B-17G, with its four 9-cylinder Wright R-1820 Cyclone engines is argued to be the best in class for the period of 1941 through to the end of the war, or rather the war in Europe. [5], The first G4M prototype left Mitsubishi's Nagoya plant in September 1939 disassembled and loaded in five ox-drawn farm carts to Kagamigahara airfield 48 kilometres (30 mi) to the north. Mountains, 5. The Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate (キ84 疾風 Gale) is a single-seat fighter flown by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service in the last two years of World War II.The Allied reporting name was "Frank"; the Japanese Army designation was Army Type 4 Fighter (四式戦闘機, yon-shiki-sentō-ki).The Ki-84 is generally considered the best Japanese fighter to operate in large numbers during the conflict. A long ventral bomb-bay, glazed nose and twin tailfins replacing the DC-4E's distinctive triple rudder were included. [5] On October 23, 1939, test pilot Katsuzo Shima flew the G4M prototype. The Allied reporting name was "Betty".[2]. On 8 August 1942, during the second day of the U.S. Marine landings on Guadalcanal, 23 IJNAF torpedo-carrying G4M1s attacked American ships at Lunga Point. de Havilland Mosquito. There are a total of 36 ] WW2 Japanese Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. A large cargo of engines, engineering plans, photographs, and tooling sailed for Japan by submarine but vanished at sea. [5] Due to deficiencies of the G3M in warding off concentrated fighter attacks Honjo incorporated 7.7 mm (0.30 in) guns in the nose, on top and both sides of the fuselage and in the tail a 20 mm (0.79 in) cannon was added. An electrically powered dorsal turret featuring a 20 mm (0.787 in) Type 99 cannon was introduced in place of G4M1's dorsal position with a 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Type 92 machine gun, total guns armed were two 20 mm (0.787 in) Type 99 cannons (one tail turret, one top turret), and four 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Type 92 machine guns (one nose, two waist, and one cockpit side). Its Army designation was "Type 4 Heavy, The Ki-67 was the result of a 1941 Japanese army specification for a successor to the Nakajima Ki-49. [5] The specifications, unprecedented at the time, called for a twin-engine, land-based, attack bomber with a top speed of 398 kilometres per hour (247 mph), altitude of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), and a range of 4,722 kilometres (2,934 mi) unloaded (without bombs and torpedoes), and a range of 3,700 kilometres (2,300 mi) when carrying an 800 kilograms (1,800 lb) torpedo or the same weight in bombs. [3], Of the six completed Shinzans, four were relegated for use as long-range Navy transports under the designation G5N2-L Shinzan-Kai Transport. The Navy designation was "Experimental 13-Shi Attack Bomber"; the Allied code name was "Liz". The bombers and the reconnaissance aircraft were escorted by 13 A6M Zeros of 12th[clarification needed] Kōkūtai led by the IJN lieutenant, Saburo Shindo. [N 1] and widened tail horizontal stabilizer wing area, which improved service ceiling to 8,950 m (29,360 ft) and maximum speed to 437 km/h (236 kn; 272 mph). In all 18 Japanese crews – approximately 120 aviators – were lost at the beginning of August 1942. The Fugaku had its origins in "Project Z", a 1942 Imperial Japanese Army specification for an intercontinental bomber which could take off from the Kuril Islands, bomb the continental United States, then continue onward to land in German-occupied France. The Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryu Flying Dragon was a twin-engine heavy bomber produced by Mitsubishi and used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in World War II. The G4M2 redesign failed to shore up the G4Ms vulnerability to weapons fire. Nighttime lights, 4. Changing Engines. If you are building a model aircraft diorama scene, be sure to check out the diorama details section for ground crew, pilot figures, diorama bases, and airfield and vehicles. As part of the negotiations for the surrender of Japan, two demilitarized G4Ms, given the call-signs Bataan 1 and Bataan 2, flew to Ie Shima, carrying the first surrender delegations on the first leg of their flight to Manila. ", Aoki, Hideo. Lack of fuel and test stands reduced these numbers to 1.5 hours and 2 hours, respectively, by the end of the war, with corresponding loss of reliability. There are a total of 80 WW2 U.S. (Japan Airlines Co) and clandestinely handed over to the Nakajima Aircraft Company for dismantling and inspection. Skies, 10. View our entire inventory of New or Used Aircraft. 3,500 of these fighters were built and operated with … "leaf roll") due to the cylindrical shape of its fuselage. [5], The G4M was designed for a long range and high speed at the time of its introduction. [2] This was achieved by its structural lightness and an almost total lack of protection for the crew, with no armor plating or self-sealing fuel tanks. "Kugisho Suicide Attacker "Oka" (MXY7) Baka. Plants, 9. In February 1943 the Imperial Navy staff asked Nakajima Aircraft Company to design a four-engined bomber, capable of meeting an earlier specification set for a long-range land-based attack plane. This included the testing air group, which was equipped in 1944–45 with the latest version G4M3 Models 34 and 36, though these arrived too late to affect the course of the war. The army used a 24-volt electrical system, whereas the navy used a different voltage. Horodyski, Joseph M. "British Gamble In Asian Waters". [2][3] The aircraft is also known for being the mothership that carried the Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka, a purpose-built anti-ship suicide weapon during the final years of the war. A similar operation occurred in May 1941. MegaHobby.com also stocks many great aircraft update and detail sets in our aircraft and updates section to help make your model airplane a real show winner! Built largely of plywood, the Mosquito was one of the most versatile aircraft … United States Naval Photographic Center film #2966 . Production of the G4M1 ended in January 1944. 603 and later had 30 mm (1.2 in) thick natural rubber plates covering the outside bottoms of the wing fuel tanks but this decreased their service range by 10%. These were all commonly used in anti-ship roles. In 1939 the sole prototype of this airliner (previously rejected by American airline companies) was purchased by Nippon Koku K.K. For example, after the attack of the 751 Kōkūtai (air group) on the USS Chicago during the Battle of Rennell Island, three out of four surviving aircraft (of the original eleven) returned despite flying with only one engine. Browse Aircraft. This model carried the Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Model 11 suicide flying bomb, beginning on 21 March 1945, with disastrous results due to heavy Allied fighter opposition. Serial no. In December 1941, 107 G4Ms based on Formosa of 1st Kōkūtai and Kanoya Kōkūtai belonging to the 21st Koku Sentai (air flotilla) crossed the Luzon Strait en route to bombing the Philippines; this was the beginning of Japanese invasions in the Southwest Pacific Theater. There are a total of [ 75 ] WW2 British Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945). Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Whenever I have a broad question as you do, I try to use a web browser search, or Google (www.google.com). Stars/constellations, 6. August 1943: a completely redesigned tail cone, with reduced framing and wide V-shaped cut out; this form of tail cone was also used in all G4M2 models. Stars/constellations, 6. The American bomber arm excelled to new heights by the end of the war in 1945 - resulting in larger, pressurized designs carrying remote-operated guns and heavier bomb loads. The Mitsubishi G3M `` Nell '' Bombers, which made high-level bombing runs was main. 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